from the Chairman and the Hon. Secretary for the period 1999-2001.
On behalf of the Executive Committee; presented at the EFPP General Meeting
in Luxemburg, 30-31st march 2001
is the second time that the delegates meeting is being organised in Luxembourg.
This meeting corresponds with the 10 years of EFPP! Indeed, ten years
ago, the EFPP was founded in London. A long and constructive period, thanks
to the commitment and enthusiasm of all the past and present delegates
of EFPP. When looking at the delegates list we are glad to note that some
friends are still delegates allowing continuity in the work but some newcomers
underline the evolution of our Federation.
When reading this general report as well as the more specific ones by
the treasurer, section co-ordinators etc. you will notice the enormous
amount of work the members of my executive committee have to deal with.
In this report we want to show you the continuity of the work undertaken
so far but also underline some important projects we started to develop
in the mean time.
2 years ago the delegates expressed their wish to have more time for discussion
in the section and for getting more complete information about possible
changes in legislation about psychotherapy on a European level. We hope
that we were able to meet these wishes.
is expected that this report has been read by all delegates previous to
the meeting so that it has not to be presented in all details.
Life Chair of EFPP.
It is for the first time, that Brian Martindale is not with us, and what
is left, is gratitude for his having founded EFPP. You will remember that
at the last delegates meeting in 1999 the assembly (voiced by Maria) expressed
the wish to honour Brian for the tremendous work he did in favour of psychoanalytic
psychotherapy in Europe especially in founding and chairing EFPP. The
executive organised a small ceremony at the Oxford conference, where he
was honoured by the title of Honorary Life Chair of EFPP.
is the moment perhaps, to remember our friends and colleagues whom we
have painfully lost since the last Delegates Meeting. Those who shared
with us the joyous Gala Dinner two years ago will not forget Barbara Diepold,
the German C&A Delegate performing with other German colleagues a
delightful "a capella": joyful and witty as she was. She died
this spring. Recently we heard of the death of Tom McGrath, the Irish
observer in the Adult Section. He was a lively contributor at our conferences,
although we knew him less, - and that makes the loss in its own way sad.
To Barbara and Tom we owe deep gratitude.
from the EFPP networks.
Changes in membership.
As you remember, in 1999, the General Meeting amended the bylaws of the
EFPP by introducing the full member and associate member. It was absolutely
indispensable as the EFPP had admitted a certain number of colleagues
from Central and Eastern Europe. Due to a different historic development
during the second half of the 20th century, psychoanalytical therapy could
not develop as much in this part of the world as it did in Western Europe.
Nonetheless, EFPP wants in any case to open up to and invite these countries
to co-operate. As a first step we had admitted those colleagues as guest
members, a status that was not defined as such in our bylaws. Since the
amendments to the constitution in 1999, the status of guest member no
It is true, that the training criteria have much evolved considerably
during the last decades in Western Europe. But we are convinced that,
together with the progressive integration within the EEC, the countries
of Central and Eastern Europe will develop in not too far ahead training
criteria corresponding to those described in the EFPP bylaws
Constitution of 1999 defines as Associate Members those that do not yet
have training standards that correspond to those EFPP bylaws for that
section, or if they do have such training standards, do not yet have a
core group of at least six persons trained to those standards and who
are active in training within those organisation(s). Associate members
may send two delegates to meetings of that section of the EFPP and to
general meetings, but do not have voting rights and may not be elected
onto the Executive Committee.
following countries have been accepted as associate members:
Adult section: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania
Child and Adolescent section: Russia, Lithuania,
hope to be able in the not too distant future to consider their request
for being admitted as full members.
Whereas the status of "associate members" and "full members"
refer to countries or national networks, the term "observer"
is reserved for individuals whose country is not represented in the EFPP.
The idea is to allow these individuals to inform themselves about the
EFPP in order to found an association with the characteristics required
to become a member of the EFPP.
executive is happy to announce that we accepted as full members the following
Czech Republic: adult, child and adolescent and group section
Israel: adult section
Portugal: group section
Congratulations to these sections.
and Easter European countries and EFPP.
After the political changes in the early nineties, psychotherapy expanded
quickly in C&E Europe. Despite a deeply rooted psychoanalytic tradition
in some of these countries, modern psychoanalytic thinking and psychoanalytic
psychotherapy practice were less developed compared to Western Europe.
A C&E European sub-committee composed of C&E colleagues has been
initiated. These are Nina Vasilyeva (Russia), Ludek Vrba (Czech Rebublic)
and Ants Parktal.(Estonia) The aim of this small committee is to bring
the colleagues from C&E Europe together to reflect on their past and
the influence of the past political regime on the society and on the place
of psychotherapy. We hope that this will help the C&E countries to
develop their own space within EFPP.
The tasks of this sub-committee are of major importance for the development
of psychoanalytic psychotherapy since other non-analytic oriented organisations
are investing a lot of time and finances in these countries to seduce
psychotherapists to join them.
We wish to stress here the enormous work done so far by Lydia Tischler
who was helped in her task by Maria Eugenia Cid.
the existing networks.
The EFPP has always made clear that its target is to group ALL the national
associations of psychoanalytical psychotherapies in a network, regardless
of the theoretical psychoanalytic orientations. Within this network each
organisation can, of course, preserve its complete autonomy. The assembling
of all the associations/societies of a country within a single network
is a must if we want psychoanalytic psychotherapy to represents an compact
practical, institutional and political force rooted in psychoanalytic
theory in each member country and not to become diluted by a range of
professional organisations which are not of psychoanalytic orientation.
During the first years of the existence of the EFPP, such links had been
established. Nowadays, we have to recognise that this task of linking
has been neglected or even forgotten. In some of the "large"
European countries, there are numerous well established and serious associations/societies,
existing for a long time, but not being members of our Federation. We
hope that the delegates will take up the dialogue with these societies/associations
in the near future. We would like to suggest that if certain associations/societies
do not correspond to the EFPP criteria, they could at least be associated
to the national network whilst their training criteria are being amended
and Delegates' Meeting: amendments to the constitution.
As you see on a separate document, 'proposals to amend the constitution'
the ARPP (Swiss Francophone adult section) is proposing, that past delegates
should become eligible for the Executive in order to enhance rotation
of the delegates and allow more people to take active part in the decision
making process of EFPP. We gave much thought to the ARPP's thoughtful
suggestion, and how to enhance rotation altogether. Is it the right way
to alter a "basic principle" of our Federation, that the Executive
is personally and organically rooted in the Delegates Meeting, or are
there any other ways of enhancing rotation?
have stated that it gets increasingly difficult for a new delegate to
understand the stakes at the EFPP. The new delegate often feels a little
bit lost and needs 2 years to familiarise with the treated topics. Many
delegates think that these 2 years are lost time. As a remedy, the executive
committee is proposing that the delegate who is to give up his delegate
functions can be accompanied by his/her successor at the General Meeting..
will also be valid for the members of the Executive Committee who can
block the post of a delegate for years. Let us take the example of a person
having been a delegate for 6 years and who is afterwards elected into
the Committee where he may stay for further 8 years. Thus, this person
will be a delegate for 14 years. This is not sound. We wish that if a
member of the national networks is elected onto the committee, the networks
have the possibility to designate a "shadow or supplementary"
delegate without voting rights.
You will find the reports of the co-ordinators of the 3 sections in this
mailing. Therefore, we will not give details about the work of the sections.
Elections will take place in each one of the three sections.
In the adult section Serge Frisch stands for election. If he is re-elected,
the executive decided to ask him to continue his chairmanship of EFPP.
In the group section Jan van de Sande has resigned from his post shortly
after his election in Luxembourg for personal reasons. Rudolf Balmer,
co-ordinator of the group section, has to stand for re-election for a
second term of 4 years since he was elected 4 years ago.
In the child-adolescent section Wim Heuves has also resigned for reasons
of lacking time due to work overload.
We would like to thank our friends Jan and Wim for their positive contributions
to our Federation and particularly to their respective sections.
Those who would like to stand for elections are asked to send a short
letter mentioning their motivation/reasons and their vocational curriculum.
The Committee wishes of course that the best candidates will be elected
to replace the leaving delegates. Please think about the fact that there
is an a heavy imbalance among the different parts of Europe represented
within the Committee.
: Family and couple section.
Since its foundation, one major goals of EFPP was to bring together the
largest number of high qualified psychoanalytic psychotherapists, regardless
of their theoretical orientation and model for practising. Therefore,
the EFPP represents therapists working with individuals, whether with
adults or children, side by side to the colleagues using the group method.
But psychotherapy is evolving: not only its theory but also its technical
modalities, which become more refined and diversified.
In a certain number of countries, we have observed during the last years
that the family therapy and/or couple therapy has tremendously developed.
Although this approach had been linked for a long time to the systemic
approach, many psychoanalytical psychotherapists could no longer identify
themselves with the systemic approach as practised today. Thus, they developed
their own analytic training theories and models. Nowadays, an increasing
number of psychoanalytic family therapists regroup themselves and form
independent associations/societies. Are we to give up and let develop
outside the EFPP a new European organisation, or are we to offer a proper
space to these colleagues within the EFPP, which would reinforce the importance
of the EFPP. Obviously, we chose the second alternative.
Maria Eugenia Cid and Rudolf Balmer have chaired an international working
party on this very important project of EFPP (see their report) and will
present their arguments for discussion at the delegates meeting.
Over the last years research is becoming one of the hottest issues in
the field of psychotherapy. Under the pressure of insurance companies
or political authorities research changed gradually over the last years
from a purely clinical (typically single case study) to a research trying
to prove the efficiency of psychoanalytic psychotherapy also in the sense
Talking about research one encompasses a vast field of methods: "single
case studies" as presented by Freud are not less or more "scientific"
than outcome studies, studies of process, naturalistic or otherwise etc.
All these levels of research are important for the future of our profession
and should not be in a fighting opposition.
executive decided to co-opt Olivier Nicolle as research convenor. His
task is to initiate a permanent group in EFPP composed of colleagues interested
or active in the field of research. The aim of this group is manifold:
reflecting on research by bringing together colleagues actively involved
in research projects, helping colleagues to initiate research studies
and to establish links between research teams from different countries
for common research programmes
The delegates are asked to link all
those active in research in their country up with Olivier Nicolle to set
up this research network.
A small working group composed of Margareta Mörner, Karin Bell and
Serge Frisch had a meeting with Mr Abilio Pereira, assistant administrator
for regulating the qualification issues for different professions at the
Directorate-General XV Internal Market and Financial Services. You have
received an exhaustive report about the information we gathered.
Important point coming out of this was that nothing will happen in Brussels
i.e. no European directive will be elaborated as long as not all the European
countries have national psychotherapy laws. This puts the weight on the
national EFPP networks to intervene in their national ministries if they
want to influence the elaboration of the national psychotherapy laws.
Unfortunately we observe that the EAP is in many countries more active
in this field than analytic colleagues.
You all know that the EAP produced much confusion amongst less well informed
colleagues with their European Certificate of Psychotherapy (ECP). This
ECP was presented as on official document from Brussels. This happens
to be a lie. The ECP is a private document of EAP and NOT AT ALL an official
document from the European Commission. In the mean time EAP had to recognise
that this "Certificate" had a minimal impact in Europe. As far
as we know, not a single society of psychoanalysis or psychoanalytic psychotherapy
society joined EAP.
EFPP thought that it might be of interest to delineate our own "analytic"
views as opposed to those of EAP. A working party was formed. The project
was to elaborate an EFPP Certificate in each one of the 3 sections. Karin
Bell (adult section), Effie Lignos (C&A section) and Luc Michel (group
section) agreed to chair these working parties. We thought that this work
would be possible by internet discussions and exchanges. But it didn't
So we have planed to invite all the delegates to start working on this
project (or decide that we don't need it) during special section meetings
on Saturday afternoon at the delegates meeting.
The EFPP Monograph Series and other publications
Under the direction of the chief editor John Tsiantis 2 new monographs
have been edited by the EFPP and published at Karnac Books, London. The
first Psychoanalytic psychotherapy of the Severely Disturbed Adolescent
with Dimitris Anastasopoulos as senior editor and with the collaboration
of Effie Layou-Lignos and Margot Waddell.
John Tsiantis is senior editor of Work with Parents : Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy
with Children and Adolescents. Siv Boalt Boethious, Birgit Hallerfors,
Ann Horne and Lydia Tischler are the other editors.
- Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy : the narcissism of minor ? or major?
- Research Monograph
- Dreams in Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy
am happy to mention that the Association for Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy
in the N.H.S has given a loan to EFPP to cover the full costs of production
for the Research Monograph. EFPP will pay this loan back in a period of
2 years. Our gratitude to Dr Jessica Kirker, Chair of the Educational
Trust of APP.
Thanks to Maria Cid we are negotiating with a Spanish book publisher who
is interested in publishing all the EFPP Monographs in Spanish. This would
open the large Spanish speaking market in South America to the EFPP. But
still many important questions remain without solution as for instance
who will pay for the translation costs.
Tsiantis, the initiator and tireless promoter of the project "Monographs"
has done a wonderful job. The quality of the contents of the monographs
as well as the diversity of the treated subjects are unanimously recognised.
John, together with senior editors, has also achieved that the selected
texts deal with clinical topics that concern a lot of professionals. I
would like to point out that John had always insisted that the diversity
of the opinions as well as of the national styles of the contributors
is represented. His term as chief editor will come to an end by December
2001. Even if everyone can be replaced, it is obvious that it won't be
easy in the case of John. Dear John, I ask you to accept our gratitude.
find a successor to John, the Executive Committee has initiated a small
work group comprising Julia Pestalozzi, Liselotte Grünbaum, Maria
Cid and Serge Frisch. It will be their task to make a job description,
to meet interested people, and to make recommendations to the committee
as to the decision to be taken shortly.
the frame of this mailing concerning the publications, I would also like
to mention that Karin Bell is busy editing a book in German with some
of the papers presented at the EFPP Cologne conference (March, 1998),
Loss of Identity, Migration and Persecution. This book will be published
at the editions Psychosocial Verlag, Giessen and is expected at the time
of the delegates meeting. Thank you Karin.
would like to draw the attention to the initiative of Jean-Claude Rouchy,
chief editor of the French Revue de Psychothérapie Psychanalytique
de Groupe. He has dedicated an issue of his review to the topic: Psychpopathologies
du lien. Some papers of the conference of the group section of the EFPP
in Barcelona have been taken up in the aforementioned issue. The issue
also contains 2 papers dealing with the presentation of the EFPP .
would be very glad if the two last examples would have an incentive effect,
and if those among you who are responsible for reviews could dedicate
an issue to the EFPP conferences, or accept some papers of our conferences
in their reviews.
promote psychoanalytic psychotherapy in general and EFPP in particular,
it is important that the Monographs become more and more well known in
and outside our professional field. We have observed that well reviewed
Monographs sell much better than those which are less reviewed in national
or in international reviews. Under the leadership of John and in close
connection with the section co-ordinators a pool of reviewers (as well
as colleagues who could stimulate reviewing) from all European countries
is actually being constituted. Interested colleagues are asked to contact
John Tsiantis or their Section Co-ordinator.
You know that a few years ago EFPP decided to assign a professional company,
namely Options, with the task of organising our congresses. EFPP expected
a financial aid from this collaboration. Options wanted to organise two
congresses per year for us. We rapidly recognised that our goals and our
style were too different to co-operate. Thus, we stopped our co-operation
without any financial loss for our federation. Nevertheless, we had programmed
2 conferences per year for many years. This seemed to be too much for
many of you, and you were right. You showed us your disagreement. However,
we have to wait for the year 2001 to return to a more normal rhythm of
one congress per year.
As a innovation of the Executive is that for the past two years Inger
Larsson, has been wholly dedicated to conference matters and this is an
enormous improvement in the management of congresses. We owe much gratitude
As a reminder the conferences since the last General Meeting in 1999.
- February 1999: Louvain-La-Neuve, first European meeting of the Roman
countries of EFPP: Les cliniques psychotherapeutiques aujourd'hui organised
by the Fédération Francophone Belge de Psychothérapie
- May 1999: Barcelona, group section: From Fragmentation to Cohesion.
Undications for Group Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy. In collaboration with
Asociación Española de Psicoterapia Psicoanalítica
and Assiciacío Catalana de Psicoteràpia Psicoanalítica.
- October 1999 : Rome, child and adolescent section : Internal objects
and Psychic Change in psychoanalytic Psychotherapy. In collaboration with
AIPPI (Roma), ARPAD (Roma), ASARNA - APPIA (Torino), ASNEA (Milano) ASNE
- SIPsIA (Roma), CSM HARRIS - AMHPPIA (Firenze).
- March 2000 : Oxford (UK), 3 section conference on Changing times, changing
relations. In collaboration with The Tavistock and Portman Trust, The
Association of Child Psychotherapy, The Association of Psychoanalytic
Psychotherapy in the NHS, and The Group Analytic Society (UK).
- May 2000: 2nd Syros (Greece) Summer Workshop by the Hellenic Society
for Child and Adolescent Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy in collaboration
- October 2000 : Nicosia (Cyprus), adult section conference on The influence
of the psychotherapist on the outcome of psychoanalytic psychotherapy.
In collaboration with the Cyprus Association for Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy
Studies (CAPPS) and the University of Cyprus.
would like to thank all our friends and colleagues who assisted us without
any hesitation and with an enormous investment of time, energy and enthusiasm
at preparing these congresses, which were very successful under the scientific
and human aspect. These conferences had, indeed, a high scientific level
concerning both the main speakers and the presentations in workshops.
Many thanks to all those who presented papers at these conferences.
we should think about organising special workshops in the frame of which
young colleagues could present their " first paper ". They really
shouldn't have to wait for years to have the right to make their first
"perfect" presentation. One of the goals of our conferences
should be to encourage young colleagues to dare to present their reflections.
countries are not well represented at our conferences despite a huge number
of psychoanalytic psychotherapists. We shall start discussions to understand
this phenomena to improve the collaboration between EFPP and the colleagues
of these countries.
- May 2001: 3rd Syros Summer Workshop on Eating disorders: mainly clinical
discussions for a maximum of 25-30 colleagues. This year's invited guest
is Gianna Williams.
- September 2001 : Caen, (France), Child and Adolescent Section conference
on The psychotic child and adolescent and his family.
- 13-15 September 2002 : Lausanne (Switzerland), 2nd Francophone Conference
of the 3 sections on La Psychothérapie avec fin et la Psychothérapie
sans fin": la question du temps en psychothérapie psychanalytique.
- 2003 : 3 sections conference (expected in Stockholm)
- 2004 : Group section.
- 2005 : Adult section.
see that the conferences are planned up to the year 2003. We would be
very grateful if some of you would consider organising a conference up
from the year 2004. We know how much work and stress it is for those who
take over this job. But from our experience I can assure you that we had
a lot of fun and we have learned a lot at organising these EFPP conferences.
You will be assisted by Inger Larsson who will help you at establishing
your budget, discussing the timing for the printing of the pre-programmes,
final programmes, etc.. We have learnt a lot from the previous conferences
and would be happy to share our gained experience with you.
can read in this mailing that the second francophone conference for the
3 EFPP sections will take place in Switzerland, in Lausanne in 2002. We
could imagine that this initiative will serve as a model for other conferences,
e.g. regional conferences, conferences for Germaphone, Anglophone, or
Scandinavian countries. We hope that some of you will take up this suggestion
would like to stress the absolute necessity to begin the planning of conferences
early enough. We actually know that the earlier a conference is announced,
the larger the number of participants will be. An essential aim for our
Federation. As you can read in the financial report, our income from membership
fees are absolutely insufficient to cover our current expenses. Up to
now, the financial surplus realised at the conferences helped us paying
We propose to organise Study Days focused on a special topic and with
a restricted number of participants (50 to 70 persons) to cover the organisation
costs. The idea is to create a workshop atmosphere in which participants
will be able to know better each other and to have thorough discussions
about a particular theme. The topics may be clinical, theoretical, political,
. The organisation of such Study Days will only be
possible by keeping costs at a minimum. Thus, invitations would be sent
per E-mail, and the organisers of these Study Days would ask you, in your
function as delegate, to inform your members directly. We hope that you
have proposals for future projects. Be assured that the members of the
Executive Committee will give you all possible support.
page and Newsletter.
During the General Meeting in 1999, Wim Heuves proposed to develop an
own EFPP Web-site. We have been delighted to see that the site has been
built up and filled progressively. However, the number of colleagues visiting
our Web site is unbelievably low. We have also to update the contents
as soon as possible and to make the site more interactive.
To inform the members of the national networks about the activities of
the EFPP, we decided some years ago to publish one Newsletter per year.
Meanwhile, we have stated that the printing costs but above all the posting
costs reach amounts up to £ 8.000 for each issue. We just cannot
afford such horrendous expenses.
Thus, we had the idea to publish the Newsletter in the Web once per year.
Reflecting about it, we had to acknowledge that this formula is no more
up-to-date due to the enormous speed of the communication in the Web.
Therefore, we would like to develop a Newspage that would be continuously
updated, and where the old texts would be regularly replaced by new ones.
The Web can only be vivid if you and your colleagues visit it regularly,
and if you send us small information texts or comments to tell us about
your opinion upon scientific or professional matters, or to inform colleagues
in other countries about important events at which you participate, or
which you are confronted with. We urgently ask you for your contribution,
so that our Web will be animated and vivid.
£ 14.000. That is the amount collected through membership fees,
which the Committee receives yearly from the networks to cover all the
organisational expenses and projects of the EFPP. We have to recognise
that this amount is absolutely insufficient and no longer support even
a minimum functioning. Our Treasurer, Miranda Feuchtwang, evaluated the
minimal expenses at £ 18.000 per year. What do we do not to be bankrupt?
After attentively reading the budget prepared by Miranda Feuchtwang, you
can see that this Executive Committee has begun its work in 1999 with
£50. This did not provoke waves of enthusiasm amongst the new elected
members. Several projects had to be stopped and the publication of certain
After this meagre period you can see that the financial situation has
been stabilised due to a tight-fisted management and to a certain surplus
realised by the congresses. I would like to point out that the congress
of Oxford allowed a surplus of 14.000£. Warmest thanks to the organisers!
Additionally, most of the executives paid their telephone, fax and E-mail
costs, others even paid their travel expenses. This is not a sound situation
and has to be changed!
During the General Meeting in 1999, we mentioned the initiative of fund
raising in England. Despite the voluntary support of professionals in
fund raising, we have to state the failure of this initiative.
Therefore, the Committee is forced to propose the increase of the member
fees by 5% in 2001/02 and a further 5% in 2002/03. We know that this increase
is unpopular. However, it does not even compensate the lacking 4000£
required for a minimum functioning.
We hope to discuss these topics at the General Meeting in order to find
but not least
I wish to express my warmest "Merci beaucoup" to all the delegates
and the colleagues behind them who inexorably and with devotion work for
EFPP in their countries to spread analytic thinking and develop psychoanalytic
psychotherapy in the public sector.
Merci beaucoup too to the members of my executive committee: Margareta,
Miranda, Julia, Liselotte, Inger, Maria, Rudolf and Olivier as well as
to Joyce. I feel deeply touched by their work done with competence, rigor,
engagement and always with love and humour. This working group atmosphere
shows the maturity of our Federation which is the image of the maturity
of all the component societies of EFPP.
Dr Serge Frisch
Chairman of EFPP
Hon. Secretary of EFPP