At once and effectively the title evokes the mood of those ones operate in this field, operators often young and not very experienced, who are to deal with the not well-known sea of hardship and inner suffering of drug addict, to sail the problem of wwhat and how to do, to lay down and hold a safe course that is itself bristling with perils for achievement of a fairly good and constructive therapeutic relation. But it evokes also the necessary equipment to approach safety to walk through these places, reprented by love for knowlwdge, sensibility, capacity to stay in the experience with the other and to elaborate the established relation.
The author recognizes the psychoanalytic model as the methodology able to mix these human qualities so that to make them instruments to explore and sail in this sad and complicated world and she illustrates the characteristics and their complete and available use with the sensibility, the clearness and the competence of one that - acquired a great clinical experience store - has refined her own capacity of elaboration so that to give a further contribution to the theoretical knowlwdges about drug addiction.
The book is formed by a theoretical part illustrating the relations between drug addiction and psychoanalysis, through an exposition inspired to a rigorous scientific methodology, but easy and agreeable to read; the problem if the drug addiction behaviour - like many others pathologies of behaviour - is to be considered symptom or disease and the author's original contribution about a new way to see the drug addiction area.
The second part of the book illustrates the problems of technique through the presentation of clinical cases and with explanatory clearness it deals with questions of great topical interest concerning the psychoterapeutic instructions to give the patients (where and when) and it reserves a large space for the various moments that characterizes it. At this point I'd like to put in evidence in more detailed way the various themes about drug addiction described by the author.
1 they are considered - briefly and completely - the aspects of "concreteness"
(above all expressed in acting and to pursue states of feelings or to
avoid painful of or in body), those aspects that once upon a time were
to the edge of the possibility og a psychoanalytic understanding.
phases interpretation and signification again - pertinent and correct
in theory - not lead to reduction of splitting, the intensity of mental
painful and to more consciousness of patient, but they rather configure
as purgative procedures of grief put into motion in the therapist.
In chapter 3 we find the interesting question if drug addiction must be considered as symptom or disease; the examination of theoretical hypothesis supported by reliable scholars of the phenomnon, such as Olivenstein, theory of broken mirrir and Bergeret, who reports the drug addiction behaviour to a very particular attempt to regulate an inner conflict among needs contradictory requirements that isn't possible elaborate mentally are completely illustrated through clinical implications that the condivision of one theory or another marked.
4 the author presents her own reflection about addiction, considering
the drug addiction area in an original and creative way from a point of
view that privileges rather a "spatial" vision than a structural
one, putting the drug addiction behaviour as belonging to a psychic functioning
crossing longitudinally all the development. This theme is
clearly illustrated and with the competence matured during years of clinical
experiences; the vertical and multicentral original consideration of the
concept of obsession arises from the daily psychotherapic interaction
with so complex behaviour that for its understanding and theoretical elaboration
requires not only listening capacity in keeping with theoretical model,
but the consciousness also of the unavoidable research of "resonance"
model through which one can communicate with the patient and understand
his communication; all that means a transit moment from being together
in a time-space sense to being together in functional sense of couple
that is able of transformative interactions. This is a very important
passage and - as the author emphasizes - it happens through the consciousness
that the "reflection" function is expressed and makes it understood
from the patient himself. This patient's becoming active not only symbolizes
the eventuality of a manipulation act to bring the therapist "out
of the mark", and it's necessary to be always conscious of, but also
the way the patient can express his own need to the therapist; the therapist
reply gives "shape" of the need expressed, it suggests the establishment
of shared communication level and "being together" modality
less soaked of "concreteness" levels.
The necessity to put oneself in an active way concerning listening gives the approaching technique to patient a particular significance, closed and crystallized in a stereotyped that not contemplate as object af attention the person, but the behaviour, at least initially.
The clinical cases description illustrates as to elaborate the basically rhythm that the therapist's mind is brought to listen - at the beginning; the technical suggestions that come are strictly put in the sea of movements with no sense, of speaking without sau anything the psychological listening comes in contact with, the observation of acts and behaviour as another way capable to tell oneself.
At last, very interesting are the problems stricty linked to the psychoterapical "take on" of patient. The attention to send and the spontaneous help request as well as the clearness of conepts that have to protect the relation - in the first place the contract - refer to the need of consciousness and reduction of the ambiguity areas, as far as possible. Such attention engages not only the patient, but both the members of the couple.
reflection object are transference movements in the relation; they are
considered both from the point of view of contents concerning the particular
state of pathology, and from the point of view of relation: "if"
and "how" have to be considered and eventually interpreted the
transference movement to the patient. In this case too the reference to
clinical experience allows understanding the necessity to be in contact
and "to feel" the relation's temperature for time choice and
I think it's a way to put first the attention on the most evident aspect for therapist, that is his own "feel" and on the necessary reflection on transformative sense that assumes his intervention rather in time and way than another, and on the consciousness of difficulty to leave the levels of omnipotence, to send back or "to forget the return towards the use of drug", to the place of acceptance of human limit, of history of life and therefore the possibility of an existence in an own space, marked by the flow of time, that characterizes - among other things - the drug addiction real world without a time of experience "in" and "of" relation with the other from oneself.
|last modified: 2001-07-25|